Nepenthes will add the exoticism nuance of your garden or landscape architecture. Why? Because, this plant is unique, that is in the way its get food. Not with root which absorb nutrition from soil, but nepenthes absorb nutrition from insect that trapped in its pouch. Those poor insects shatter with such compound and absorbed its concentrate. That’s way nepenthes can live in infertile land.
Nepenthes founded from Madagascar in the west until Caledonia at the east. At north, its found in South China, and south in Australia. Most of nepenthes genre can be found in South East Asia, especially in Indonesia. From 103 registered species, 61 kinds growth on high land/plateau, and other live from lower, middle and high land. Almost of nepenthes live in Sumatra, Sabah, and Sarawak. Meanwhile, in south Kalimantan, there are nepenthes which live on lower land.
Nepenthes divided in 3 categories, from highland, middle, until lower. First category live on higher than 700 m dpl. For example N. adrianii, N. adnata, and N. lowii. On middle land (300-700 m dpl), for example N. papuana and N. pervillei. Live on 0-300 m dpl land for example N. thorelii and N. ampullaria.
The different in temperature and humidity become factors why Nepenthes habitat that live on mountain different than which live on lower land. Nepenthes which live in lower land need temperature around 27°-35° C at noon and 21°-27° at night. While highland nepenthes need temperature around 21°-29° C at noon and 12°-18° at night. So don’t wrong if you pick nepenthes for your garden, because highland nepenthes can not live in lower land and conversely. Usually, its more easy to take care lower land nepenthes like N. campanulata, N. danseri, N. masoalensis, and N. rowanae. Other option is buy nepenthes which have high adaptation power like N. hirsute and N. veitchi
Because it usually lives in infertile land, nepenthes actually do not need special care. One important thing, nepenthes like growing media that humid and porous. Growing media also have to have good aeration to provide its root growth and oxygen supply. For lightning, nepenthes should place on area that touched by indirect sun light.
About water needing, nepenthes will very happy is pour with rain water. If rain water is not possible to poured everyday, mi the rain water with usual water, and every month pour it with rain water.
So, get touched with nepenthes exoticism? Order soon for your landscape design.